1. How do I select the right moisturizer for my skin type?
Moisturizers are used for dry skin to seal the moisture in the outer layer of the skin. Before selecting a moisturizer, identify what your skin is allergic to - for example, lanolin, glycerin, etc. Consult a dermatologist to identify such ingredients. And buy a moisturizer that is hypoallergenic, especially if you have sensitive skin and one that does not block pores (called non-comedogenic).
2. Why does my hair color fade and how do I reduce it?
Hair color is a temporary coating which fades over time. In particular, contact with water is the biggest hazard. Water dilutes the pigment in the hair color, resulting in it fading. That's why hair color fades with every wash. Moreover, shampoos wash out color bit by bit. To prolong the staying power of hair color, try color protecting or enhancing shampoos and conditioners.
3. What's the cause of dark circles under the eyes?
Dark circles under the eyes can have different causes but the most common reasons are fatigue, lack of sleep and alcohol. Other reasons have to do with genetic disposition or side-effects of illnesses. For example, allergies, especially nasal congestion, can lead to such dark circles. Others are anemia and skin pigmentation anomalies. Stress and lifestyle are also causes.
4. What is the right SPF for the Indian skin type?
Sun Protection Factor or SPF depends not only on the type of skin but also on the location and climate. Sunnier climate and outdoor locales often require a higher SPF than indoors. Beach vacations should be packed with higher SPF also. Indian skin, depending on individual skin types, most often requires SPF between 15 and 30. Consult your dermatologist to confirm.
5. What is a BB cream and how does it help?
BB cream stands for blemish balm, blemish base, in Western markets, it is called beauty balm. BB cream is marketed as an all-in-one facial cosmetic product to replace serum, moisturizer, primer, foundation and sunblock. BB cream can be worn alone as a tinted moisturizer, over serum and moisturizer asregular foundation (or under SPF), and under powder or makeup.
6. Can I add water to shampoo to make it last longer without losing its benefit?
Shampoos can be diluted if they have sulfates and generate lather. Generally, dilution is in the ratio of 3:1 (Shampoo to Water) to preserve efficacy. Avoid diluting shampoos without sulfates as they do not lather much and diluting reduces oil removing power. Also, don't water down shampoos for scalp treatment - like dandruff or eczema.
7. How often do I need to wash my make-up brushes and how should I clean?
Make-up brushes can be expensive. So, take time to clean them once a month and in the right way. Pour warm soap (plain soap) or shampoo (mild shampoo) water into a bowl. Swirl the brush softly on the bottom of the bowl (without pressing it into the bottom). Place the brush under warm running water and blow dry the bristles after washing.
8. Can I use the same lipstick after using it during a cold or with sore throat?
Lipstick may be reused after cold as the virus usually dies quickly. Besides, you will have already built antibodies against the virus. But it can spread the cold to others. Avoid using the same lipstick after a sore throat as the bacteria usually survive longer.
9. Can I mix products (creams or lotions) without losing their effectiveness?
Mixing is not usually a good idea, especially sunscreen creams and lotions with others, to prevent dilution of SPF. Also, don't mix a product with salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or another alpha hydroxy acid with a hydroquinone, retinol, or vitamin C product as acids usually break down the earlier mentioned compounds, making them less effective.
10. How can I make my acne marks less obvious and help fade them out?
Acne marks can be reduced or removed using natural remedies, treatments or surgical methods. For natural remedies, see http://naturalremedyideas.com/get-rid-of-acne-scars/. Please contact your dermatologist before deciding on the right surgical or skin treatment.
11. How can I get rid of black heads and prevent them from coming back?
Blackheads are formed due to pores being blocked by oxidized sebum and/or dead skin. A variety of homemade remedies exist, such as lemon juice, an egg white mask, warm honey. Alternatively, try products such as salicylic acid (for sensitive skin) or benzoyl peroxide (for regular skin). Please stop treatment immediately if it irritates your skin.
12. What causes razor burns and how can I prevent or reduce the same?
Razor burn is a red or pink rash with or without bumps on skin that appears after shaving. This can occur due to a dull razor or rough shaving (either by pressing too hard or by not using shaving cream). Prevent razor burn by using a sharp razor, using a thick shaving cream and letting it soak the skin, shaving in the direction of hair growth, rinsing blades between strokes and using a hypoallergenic and fragrance free lotion to moisturize after.
13. What kind of diet/actions make nails stronger and manicure last?
Nails are made of protein and adding more of that to the diet is a good idea - eat lean poultry, fish, spinach and other foods with protein. Also, don't cut cuticles - they are barriers to bacteria, and keep nails and hands moisturized. Manicures also help, to get them to last long, keep nails short, shape them well, and moisturize the nails every night. Manicures can last longer if you take precautions prior to them like dehydrating the nail, applying a sticky base coat, sealing the free edge (clipped or filed), smoothing any rough spots of polish, letting the nails dry for 12 hours (no heat) and oiling the nails every night.
14. How do I pick the right bronzer for myskin complexion?
Picking the right bronzer requires some thought but as a rule, select one that is at most one or two shades darker than your own skin tone, otherwise it will look very odd. For example, use a sheer, rose or peach colored bronzer for fair complexion, sheer copper or earth colored bronzer for olive tone and a brown bronzer (with shimmer) for darker skin.
15. How should I use the eye liner without smearing?
Smearing can be avoided by first applying a coat of eye-shadow primer to clean and smooth the eyelids. Liner will then adhere well and avoid shifting color to any creases. Then, dust skin colored eye shadow over the primer before applying the eye liner finally. Also, do not apply eye liner in a steamy atmosphere to avoid moisture upsetting the liner.
16. How should I apply my foundation so that it doesn't rub off?
Apply a mild cleanser to clean the skin for the foundation to stay in place. Next, exfoliate to get rid of the dead cells and make the skin smooth. Third, moisturize the skin (creams may work best for dry skin, cream and lotion for combination skin and liquid or gel for oily skin). Lastly, if required, use a foundation primer for foundation to adhere to it.
17. How long should the hair be before waxing the same?
Hair should be at least one quarter or one half inch for waxing depending on hair type. Coarse hair should be closer to one half inch for the first few times. Finer hair can be waxed at a shorter length. If hair is longer than half inch, shave it instead of waxing. After two to three weeks (depending on hair type), hair can be removed via waxing.
18. What treatments should pregnant women not use?
Avoid saunas, steam rooms, hot tubs, spa baths and heat treatments during pregnancy as they are not good for either the baby or you. Also, nail polish and removers may contain chemicals that could be harmful if used often. Avoid them unless products are free from formaldehyde and toluene. Also, get only facials for sensitive skin without retinoid used.